1.break away (from sb /sth) 脱离;破除…
e.g. It is not easy for himto break away from bad habits.
The man broke away from hisguards.
break down (会谈)破裂，失败;(汽车等)出故障;(人的健康状况)变得恶劣;(情感)失控
e.g. His car broke down onthe way to work this morning.
His health broke down underthe pressure of work.
He broke down and wept whenhe heard the news.
Talks between the twocountries have completely broken down.
break in 闯入;打岔
break off 中断，折断
break into 闯入
break out 爆发;发生
break up 驱散;分散，拆散
2. as well as 不仅…而且;既…又…
e.g. He is a teacher aswell as a writer.
The children as well astheir father were seen playing football in the street.
e.g. We bought this housefor its convenience.
1). 吸引;引力(不可数 n.)
2). 吸引人的东西;喜闻乐见的东西;精彩节目(可数 n.)
e.g. attraction ofgravitation 重力
He can't resist theattraction of the sea on a hot day.
A big city offers many andvaried attractions.
What are the principleattractions this evening?
1) v. 对…产生影响
e.g. What influence you tochoose a career in teaching?
e.g. He is one of the goodinfluences in the school.
3) (不可数n.) 影响
e.g. A teacher has greatinfluence over his pupils.
6. refer to
e.g. When he said “some students”, do you think he wasreferring to us?
e.g. If you don'tunderstand a word you may refer to your dictionaries.
Please refer to the lastpage of the book for answers.
e.g. What I have to sayrefers to all of you.
This rule refers toeveryone.
reference: n. 参考
e.g. reference books 参考书
7. to one's surprise (prep)
“to one's + 名词”表“令某人……”
常见的名词有“delight, disappointment, enjoyment, astonishment 等
e.g. I discovered, to myhorror, that the goods were entirely unfit for sale.
To John's great relief theyreached the house at last.
8. ... found themselves united peacefully
“find +宾语+宾补( adj; adv; v-ing; pp; 介词短语;不定式)”
e.g. A cook will beimmediately fired if he is found smoking in the kitchen.
You'll find him easy to getalong with.
They found themselvestrapped by the bush fire.
When I woke up, I foundmyself in hospital.
I called on him yesterday,but I found him out.
9. get sth done =have sthdone 使某事被做…….
e.g. I'll just get thesedishes washed and then I'll come.
get + n. + to do
get + n. + doing
You'll get her to agree.
I'll get the car going.
get done: 用于意想不到、突然或偶然发生，意为“被…….”
e.g. Be careful when youcross this very busy street.