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2018高考英语阅读理解压轴题【二】

发布时间:2018-04-29 16:46:39发布人:智学教育官网

高考英语试卷当中占分值最大的莫属于阅读理解题型了,此类题目做起来比较简单,只要有相应的做题方法,想不拿高分都难。智学教育小编为大家分享了2018高考英语阅读理解压轴题【二】,希望对您有所帮助!阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

A

Life is difficult

This is a great truth, one of the greatest truths. It is a great truth because once we truly see this truth, we transcend it. Once we truly know that life is difficult---once we truly understand and accept it---then life is no longer difficult. Because once it is accepted, the fact that life is difficult no longer matters.

Most do not fully see this truth. Instead they complain about their problems and difficulties as if life should be easy. It seems to them that difficulties represent a special kind of suffering especially forced upon them or else upon their families, their class, or even their nation.

What makes life difficult is that the process of facing and solving problems is a painful one. Problems, depending on their nature, cause us sadness, or loneliness or regret or anger or fear. These are uncomfortable feelings, often as painful as any kind of physical pain. And since life causes an endless series of problems, life is always difficult and is full of pain as well as joy.

Yet, it is in this whole process of solving problems that life has its meaning. Problems are the serious test that tells us success from failure. When we desire to encourage the growth of human spirit, we encourage the human ability to solve problems, just as in school we set problems for our children to solve. It is through the pain of meeting and working out problems that we learn. As Benjamin Franklin said, those things that hurt, instruct. It is for this reason that wise people learn not to fear but to welcome the pain of problems.

1. From the passage, it can be inferred that ______.

A. everybody has problems

B. we become stronger by meeting and solving the problems of life

C. life is difficult because our problems bring us pain

D. people like to complain about their problems

2. The writer probably used just one short sentence in the first paragraph to ______.

A. save space

B. persuade readers

C. make readers laugh

D. get readers’ attention

3. The main idea of Paragraph 3 is that ______.

A. most people feel life is easy

B. the writer feels life is easy

C. the writer likes to complain about his problems

D. most people complain about how hard their lives are

4. According to the passage, we give school children difficult problems to solve in order to______.

A. encourage them to learn

B. teach them to fear the pain of solving the problem

C. help them learn to deal with pain

D. teach them how to respect from problems

5. The saying from Benjamin Franklin “Those things that hurt, instruct” suggests that ______.

A. we do not learn from experience

B. we do not learn when we are in pain

C. pain teaches us important lessons

D. pain cannot be avoided

B

Parents, our first teachers, play a highly significant role in our lives.However, doesn’t it seem that many of us come to have conflicts with them when we start high school? We're less likely to listen to them and take their suggestions---we even rebel against them.

Why? It may be the so-called “generation gap”. A generation gap appears when we begin to feel our parents are ignoring us, don’t understand us, and we feel we can no longer share our feelings with them.

The key reason is our desire for independence. In senior high school, we start to want to take responsibility for our own lives and make our own decisions. But parents resist this. They still want to control us and try to force us to do things they think we should do. Debate and discussion often come to nothing. Gradually, we talk with them less, and keep our feelings locked up inside.

Zhang Xiaoyun, 16, of Ningbo, Zhejiang, has talked less and less with her mother since she started senior high school. “She believes studies should be my priority, not my inner world,” Zhang said. “Each day, she asks me the same old questions like, ‘How was your last exam?’ or ‘Have you made any progress in physics?’” To Zhang, these questions are annoying and so she always tries to ignore them and answers perfunctorily. “Sometimes, when I get upset, I quarrel with her. After, she comes to apologize and comfort me. But I know, she doesn’t completely understand me,” Zhang said. Now, a home that was once full of laughter has fallen into gloom and silence.

The generation gap can be harmful. Because of the lack of communication, our parents no longer know what we are thinking about. There are quarrels, even over trivial things. When that happens, we may not be able to concentrate on our studies. Some of us even become afraid to go home after school---a very serious situation for the whole family.

6. Which of the following is not included in the passage?

A. The causes of generation gap.

B. The effects of generation gap.

C. One example of generation gap.

D. Ways of narrowing generation gap.

7. Which of the following is one reason for the generation gap according to the passage?

A. Modern society changing very fast.

B. Parents having unrealistic hopes of their children.

C. Parents and kids not understanding and respecting each other.

D. Young people liking to escape from the control of their parents.

8. Which of the following words has the closest meaning to the underlined word “perfunctorily”?

A. attentively

B. indifferently(冷淡地)

C. flatteringly(奉承地)

D. seriously

9. In the view of the author, ________.

A. parents should allow their children more freedom

B. parents and children should not stay together

C. the younger generation should value the older generation

D. academic records are more important than one’s inner world

C

Bobby Moresco grew up in New York’s Hell’s Kitchen, a tough working-class neighborhood on Manhattan’s West Side. But Hell’s Kitchen lies right next door to Broadway, and the bright lights attracted Bobby from the time he was a teen. Being stage-struck was hardly what a street kid could admit to his partners. Fearing their ridicule, he told no one, not even his girlfriend, when he started taking acting lessons at age 17. If you were a kid from the neighborhood, you became a cop, construction worker, longshoreman or criminal. Not an actor.

Moresco struggled to make that long walk a few blocks east. He studied acting, turned out for all the cattle calls, and during the decade of the 1970s made a total of $2,000. “I wasn’t a good actor, but I had a driving need to do something different with my life,” he says.

He moved to Hollywood, where he drove a cab and worked as a bartender(酒保). “My father said, ‘Stop this craziness and get a job; you have a wife and daughter.’’’ But Moresco kept working at his chosen craft.

Then in 1983 his younger brother Thomas was murdered in a mob-linked killing. Moresco moved back to his old neighborhood and started writing as a way to explore the pain and the patrimony(继承物)of Hell’s Kitchen. Half-Deserted Streets, based on his brother’s killing, opened at a small Off-Broadway theater in 1988. A Hollywood producer saw it and asked him to work on a screenplay.

His reputation grew, and he got enough assignments to move back to Hollywood. By 2003, he was again out of work and out of cash when he got a call from Paul Haggis, a director who had befriended him. Haggis wanted help writing a film about the country after September 11. The two worked on the writing, but every studio in town turned it down. They kept pitching it. Studio executives, however, thought no one wanted to see a severe, honest vision of race and fear and lives in collision(冲突、碰撞) in modern America.

Moresco believed so strongly in the script that he borrowed money, sold his house. He and Haggis kept pushing. At last the writers found an independent film producer who would take a chance, but the upfront money was too little, Moresco delayed his salary.

Crash slipped into the theaters in May 2005, and quietly became both a hit and a critical success. It was nominated for six Academy Awards and won three---Best Picture, Best Film Editing and Best Writing (Original Screenplay) by Paul Haggis and the kid from Hell’s Kitchen.

At age 54, Bobby Moresco became an overnight success. “If you have something you want to do in life, don’t think about the problems,” he says, “think about other ways to get it done.”

10. Rearrange the following statements in term of time order:

a. His work Half-Deserted Streets drew attention as it opened at a small Off-Broadway theater.

b. Unexpectedly Crash became both a hit and a huge success.

c. He moved to Hollywood to be a taxi driver and a waiter.

d. He started to learn acting in spite of hardness with the belief of doing something different.

e. His younger brother Thomas was killed in conflict among bullies.

A. d; c; e; a; b B. d; e; c; b; a C. c; d; e; a; b D. c; e; d; b; a

11. Why Bobby Moresco did not tell anyone that he started taking lessons at age 17?

A. He wanted to give his girlfriend a surprise.

B. His girlfriend did not allow him to do this.

C. He was afraid of being laughed at.

D. He had no talent for acting.

12. The Studio executives turned the script Crash down because ______.

A. they thought the script would not be popular

B. the script was not well written.

C. they had no money to make the film based on the script.

D. they thought Moresco was not famous.

13. What’s the best title of the passage?

A. The Road to Success

B. Try It a Different Way

C. A Talented man---Moresco

D. Moresco’s Perseverance

14. Which of the following can best describe Bobby Moresco?

A. initiative(主动的) and persistent(坚持的)

B. shy but hardworking

C. caring and brave

D. aggressive and modest

D

Hilary Smith belonged to a good family. But by the age of twenty, he had spent all the money the good old family had. He then had some trouble with the bank and was put in prison. He escaped from the prison and ran to Australia without delay.

Hilary did not like Australia and Australia did not like Hilary. What he could do seemed to be one of two things: die or work. The thought of neither of these gave him any pleasure. Then he remembered that he was not alone in the world. He possessed an aunt.

She was his father’s only sister, but his father used to say she brought no glory to the family. Hilary, of course, tried to discover what she had done. It seemed that she had failed to marry a nobleman. Instead, she had chosen a husband who was connected with trade. Of course as soon as she became “Mrs Parks”, her brother considered her dead. Later on, Mr. Parks died and left her a lot of money; but that did not bring her back to life in her brother’s opinion.

Hilary discovered his aunt’s address. Fortunately she remained faithful and honest to him even after she fell ill. So Hilary’s star shone again. When he was feeling honest, he could talk attractively. He frequently visited his aunt’s house; and soon he was living comfortably in the building which the profits of trade had provided.

One thing was soon clear: his aunt was seriously ill, and nothing could cure her illness. Hilary was very worried. Fate had found a home for him, and was now going to throw him out of it. There was only one thing that could save him: her will.

“Will?” she said, “yes, I have made one. That was when I was a girl and had not much money. I left all my money to some religious people.”

“Didn’t you make another will when you were married?” Hilary asked.

His aunt shook her head. “No,” she said in a low voice, “There was no need. When I finally had a lot of money I found I had no relations.”

On the next day he went to the public library and examined a book of law. It told him what he already believed. When a woman is married, an earlier will loses its value. A new will must be made. If no new will is made, the money goes to the nearest relation. Hilary knew that he was his aunt’s only relation. His future was safe.

After a few months had passed, Hilary’s problems became serious. He badly needed money. He had expensive tastes, and owed a lot of money to shopkeepers. They trusted him because his aunt was rich; but the debt was terrible.

Unfortunately his aunt did not want to discuss money matters at all. In the end they had a quarrel about the small amount of ten pounds. Hilary was now very angry. He began to wonder about a new problem. Was it kind to want his aunt to live any longer? Was it not better for her to die now? While he was considering what to do, his aunt told him that she was going to send for her lawyer. So she was going to make a new will. Hilary thought she might leave all her money to someone else. Soon he reached a clear decision.He must do a great kindness to the poor old woman.

One night when the old servant who had been nursing his aunt went off, he doubled the amount of some medicine. The total amount was too great and it could just put her to sleep forever.

“Thank you,” his aunt took the glass from his hand with a grateful look. “I want, more than anything, to sleep, and never to wake up again. Is that what you wish, Hilary? I have given you your chance. Don’t blame me if I have some doubts about what you intended to do. Sick people get these ideas, you know. One thing I ought to explain to you. Mr. Parks never married me. He already had a wife and couldn’t marry again. That made your foolish father very angry with me… Well, if I am alive tomorrow I shall make another will in your favor. If I die tonight, you’ll get nothing… No, Hilary, don’t try to take the glass away. If you do that, I shall know; and I don’t want to know. Good night, Hilary.”

Then, very carefully, she raised the glass to her mouth and drank.

15. From the story, we learn that Hilary’s aunt was ______.

A. bad-tempered and lonely

B. kind-hearted and wise

C. careless about money

D. cruel to her nephew

16. Why did Hilary’s father consider his aunt dead?

A. Because they lost contact with each other after her marriage.

B. Because she married a businessman.

C. Because she broke away from the family for a better life.

D. Because he thought she was a shame to the family

17. The underlined sentence “He must do a great kindness to the poor old woman” in Paragraph 11 suggests that Hilary Smith ______.

A. was determined to put his aunt’s life to an end

B. decided to do his aunt a favor to call in a lawyer

C. made up his mind to take good care of his aunt

D. would help his aunt to donate all her money to religious people

18. Which of the following is the focus of the story?

A. Hilary’s aunt’s money.

B. Hilary Smith’s debts.

C. The intended murder.

D. Hilary’s aunt’s marriage.

19. Which part of what Hilary’s aunt said eventually might make Hilary frustrated?

A. She wanted to sleep and never to wake up again.

B. She never got married to Mr. Parks.

C. Mr. Parks had a wife.

D. She would make a new will tomorrow.

20. Which detail from the story is the climax(高潮)of the story?

A. Hilary escaped from the prison.

B. Hilary quarreled with his aunt about ten pounds.

C. Hilary’s aunt drank the medicine her nephew prepared for her.

D. Hilary’s aunt made a will to leave all her money to someone else.

答案:BDDAC DCBA ACABA BDAABC》》》相关推荐:2018高考英语阅读理解压轴题

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智学教育为学生规划一整年的学习

按月份为初一学生规划当月的学习

1

期末考试

经过大半个学期的学习,同学们的学习问题将会在此阶段进行爆发:学科知识漏洞越来越多、 偏科弱科越来越明显、学习无思路,苦学无效……等等。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 1、制定期末考试目标和学习计划,按计划执行;
    2、注重基础知识的查漏补缺,稳扎稳打学习;
    3、及时进行课外辅导,对准学生问题精准辅导,避免问题堆积。
    小班课
    (推荐指数:★☆☆☆☆)
    一对一
    (★★★★★)
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    同步提升课

2

寒假

经过大半个学期的学习,同学们的学习问题将会在此阶段进行爆发:学科知识漏洞越来越多、 偏科弱科越来越明显、学习无思路,苦学无效……等等。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 1、制定期末考试目标和学习计划,按计划执行;
    2、注重基础知识的查漏补缺,稳扎稳打学习;
    3、及时进行课外辅导,对准学生问题精准辅导,避免问题堆积。
    小班课
    (推荐指数:★★★★★)
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    同步提升课

3

新学期开学

新学期开始不论上学期表现如何,现在要面对的是一个全新的开始。要学会均衡分配时间,保证各学科齐头并进,不要过多把时间和精力倾注在单一学科上,避免出现偏科弱科。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 1、调整学习状态,保证学习效率;
    2、及时整理错题本,有针对性的学习、复习;
    3、提高综合运用知识的能力,提高应试技巧。
    小班课
    (推荐指数:★★★★☆)
    一对一
    (★☆☆☆☆)
    新学期衔接课
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    考前冲刺课
    同步提升课

4

月考

不要过多把时间和精力倾注在单一学科上,避免出现偏科弱科。要提前准备月考,并针对月考结果进行知识漏洞的分析。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 1、调整学习状态,保证学习效率;
    2、及时整理错题本,有针对性的学习、复习;
    3、提高综合运用知识的能力,提高应试技巧。
    小班课
    (推荐指数:★★★★☆)
    一对一
    (★☆☆☆☆)
    新学期衔接课
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    考前冲刺课
    同步提升课

5

期中考试

本次期中考试是在进入初中的第三次大考,是检验和反思自己目前学习方法和学习习惯的绝佳机会,可以在成绩公布后请各科老师帮助自己进行分析,做到更全面地了解自己的学习状况。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 1、制定期中考试冲刺计划,针对性的提升;
    2、结合自身情况调整各科目学习的用时,避免出现偏科、弱科现象;
    3、考后及时分析学科漏洞,及时寻求老师帮助,查漏补缺。
    小班课
    (推荐指数:★★★☆☆)
    一对一
    (★★★★☆)
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    考前冲刺课
    同步提升课

6

重要冲刺阶段

期中考试过后要继续稳扎稳打地学习知识,上课认真听讲,认真完成作业,不留学习死角。6月中旬要提前备战期末考试,至少提前两周开始制订期末考试的复习计划。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 1、结合期中考试结果,找出自身薄弱科目,针对失分点进行专项辅导;
    2、制定期末考试目标,梳理全年学科内容,及时查漏补缺;
    3、针对优势科目要进行培优辅导,提高总成绩。
    一对一
    (★★★★★)
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    考前冲刺课
    同步提升课

7

期末考试

期末考试是对于初一一年学习成果的整体检阅,一定要认真对待,及时发现问题及时求助解决,以免陷入初二两极分化的泥沼。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 1、针对初一全年的学科知识进行查漏补缺、拔高培优;
    2、提前接触初二新科目的学习,避免新学期跟不上;
    3、利用暑假开拓眼界,调整身心状态,为接下来的学习打好基础。
    一对一
    (★★★★★)
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    考前冲刺课
    同步提升课

8

暑期

暑假可以让学生放松心情,开拓眼界,提高语言能力,加强沟通与协作能力,更好地迎接丰富的初中生活。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 8月就要收心了,部分学校会进行分班考试,所以要提前着手学习,着重关注英语、数学学科,提升应对更高难度题目的能力。
    小班课
    (★★★★★)
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    同步提升课

9

开学季

正式开学之后,同学们就成为初中生了。新学期伊始要尽快适应新的学习节奏,适应老师的教学方式等等,本阶段的主要任务就是熟悉学习环境、适应初中生活,并且克服对新科目学习的障碍。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 调整学习状态、完成学习方法的转变、适应初中教师的学习方法、完成对新科目的学习。
    小班课
    (推荐指数:★★★★☆)
    一对一
    (★☆☆☆☆)
    新学期衔接课
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    考前冲刺课
    同步提升课

10

月考

新学期伊始要尽快适应新的学习节奏,适应老师的教学方式等等,本阶段的主要任务就是熟悉学习环境、适应初中生活,并且克服对新科目学习的障碍,提前为月考做准备。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 调整学习状态、完成学习方法的转变、适应初中教师的学习方法、完成对新科目的学习。
    小班课
    (推荐指数:★★★★☆)
    一对一
    (★☆☆☆☆)
    新学期衔接课
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    考前冲刺课
    同步提升课

11

期中考试

经过为期两个月的学习,同学们即将迎来初中生活的第一次期中考试。期中考试是本学年第一次正式考试,会进行班级、年级的排名,会对同学们近两个月的学习成果进行客观的检验。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 1、判断学生是否适应了老师的讲课方式和初中学习生活的节奏;
    2、分析成绩上下浮动的原因是粗心大意还是基础薄弱;
    3、提高孩子知识关联、综合运用的能力。
    小班课
    (推荐指数:★★★☆☆)
    一对一
    (★★★★☆)
    培优拔高课
    查漏补缺课
    考前冲刺课
    同步提升课

12

期中考试、查漏补缺阶段

经过为期两个月的学习,同学们即将迎来初中生活的第一次期中考试。期中考试是本学年第一次正式考试,会进行班级、年级的排名,会对同学们近两个月的学习成果进行客观的检验。

  • 学习指导
    推荐辅导方式
    智学课程
  • 1、判断学生是否适应了老师的讲课方式和初中学习生活的节奏;
    2、分析成绩上下浮动的原因是粗心大意还是基础薄弱;
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